Nepal is popularly symbolized to the world by the highest mountain in the world – Mount Everest. This small South Asian country is home to the world’s highest snowy mountains and an array of ethnic groups with vibrant cultures, religions, ancient history and languages. Nepal, a land-locked nation, situated between India and China, is one of a few countries in the world where such immense climatic and topographic diversity features so dramatically and crammed into such a small geographical area.
The north is covered by enormous, snow capped mountains with a cold alpine climate, the middle region is scattered with hills and has a mild climate, and the southern region is made up of the flat Terai with a very warm, humid, tropical climate. The Himalayan and hilly landscape has attracted adventure-seeking travellers for years, they come for mountaineering, climbing, trekking, hiking, mountain biking, helicopter sightseeing, paragliding, hang gliding and rafting. Nearly one-third of the total length of the Himalayas and 8 of the world’s highest peaks are situated in Nepal.
Nepal is also rich in biological diversity and is home to a wide variety of flora, fauna and wildlife. Rich culture, art and history attract visitors each year where they can see various religions coexisting harmoniously among the multitude of ethnic groups that form the people of Nepal. The birth place of Lord Buddha, holy Hindu sites, beautiful temples, stupas, mosques and churches, a number UNESCO heritage sites and the most mesmerizing scenery you could ever feast your eyes on, all bring people flocking to the warm and welcoming republic of Nepal.
It borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the North and India in the East, South and West respectively.
147,181 sq. kilometers.
Varies from 70 meters to 8848 meters.
The population of Nepal in 2019 is reportedly 29.7 million. There are about 101 ethnic groups speaking over 92 languages. The distinction in caste and ethnicity is understood better with a view of customary layout of the population. The official language of Nepal is Nepali which is spoken and understood by a majority of the population. The ethnic groups have their own mother tongues. English is taught in schools and many of them are English medium schools so a large portion of the population understands the language. Most private schools today teach in English.
Nepali is the national language of Nepal. Educated people understand and speak English as well
Nepal Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian standard time.